Maria Helena Vieira da Silva (b. 1908, Lisbon, Portugal; d. 1992, Paris, France) enrolled at the Academia Nacional de Belas Artes, Lisbon, in 1919 to study drawing with Emilia Santos Braga. She moved to Paris from Lisbon in 1928 to study sculpture under Antoine Bourdelle and Charles Despiau at the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière. There she met her future husband, Hungarian painter Árpád Szenes, and in 1929 gave up sculpture for painting. Living in Paris, she absorbed a variety of influences, from the geometric abstraction of the group Cercle et Carré (Circle and Square, 1929–33) and Joaquín Torres-García, to avant-garde Cubism. Vieira da Silva began to paint rectangular patches of colourto recall the Hispano-Arabic Azulejo tiles, undulating cobbled pavements and tiered architecture of Lisbon. In 1933, Vieira da Silva had her first solo exhibition at Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris; the gallery remained her main dealer throughout her career.
At the outbreak of the Second World War, Vieira da Silva and Szenes fled to Portugal before moving on to Rio de Janeiro. Jeanne Bucher organised her first solo exhibition in New York at Marian Willard Gallery in 1946. She continued to paint and exhibit in Brazil until her return to Paris in 1947. In the 1950s, Vieira da Silva’s paintings echoed the grim realities of post-war Europe. Titles such as ‘La gare inondée’ (The flooded station) (1956), ‘La traboule’ (1957) and ‘Ruines’ (Ruins) (1956) reflect the flooded and razed cities, claustrophobic corridors and altered landscapes after the war. Vieira da Silva became a French citizen in 1956, and was awarded the Commandeur de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1962. She was the first woman to receive the French Grand Prix Nationale des Arts in 1966.
Vieira da Silva has had retrospectives at Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover, in 1958; Musée national d’art moderne, Paris, in 1969–70; Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1977; Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon, in 1988, touring to Grand Palais, Paris; and Fundación Juan March, Madrid, in 1991. During the course of her career, the French State acquired several of her paintings, three of which hang in the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris. In 1994, Guy Weelen and Jean-François Jaeger’s two volume catalogue raisonné and monograph of Vieira da Silva’s work was published by Skira. Her works are held in important collections throughout the world, including Museum of Modern Art, New York; Tate, London; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; and Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.Read more
Learn more about the life and works of Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
New museum to house works by Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
The museum of contemporary art will display over 400 works by Portuguese and foreign artists, shown from Armando Martins' collection, which he has been building for several decades. Located in the Palácio Dos Condes da Ribeira Grande, in Rua da Junqueira, Lisbon, the museum is set to open in the latter half of 2021.
The collection brings together works by Portuguese and foreign artists including Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, Paula Rego, José Malhoa, Amadeo Souza-Cardoso, Almada Negreiros, Eduardo Viana, Paula Rego, Pedro Cabrita Reis, Julião Sarmento, Rui Chafes, José Pedro Croft and Lourdes Castro, among others.
International artists represented in the collection inlcude Gilberto Zorio, John Baldessari, Albert Oehlen, Olafur Eliasson, Marina Abramovic, Antoni Tàpies, Antonio Ballester Moreno, Juan Muñoz, Santiago Sierra, Carlos Aires, Pedro Reyes, Carlos Garaicoa, Ernesto Neto, Rosângela Rennó, Vik Muniz and Isa Genzken.
The new museum will also feature a five-star hotel, a conference room, a restaurant, a bar, a shop and a space to present cultural events in the area of performing arts. The building itself was built in the 18th century by the second marquis of Niza, it was then expanded and remodelled by the first marquis of Ribeira Grande in the 19th century, and has undergone several modifications since, with the creation of Martins’ new museum being the buildings next lease of life.Read more
Vieira da Silva work to be shown at Tate Liverpool
This autumn, Tate Liverpool will present a new film installation by artist Emily Speed, as the inaugural Art North West commission, which will be shown alongside a painting by Maria Helena Vieira da Silva.
The Corridor, a 1950 work by Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, is part of Tate Collection and forms part of a series of paintings made by Vieira da Silva after she moved to Paris in 1948. Despite appearing largely monochromatic, The Corridor contains violet, blue, green, yellow, red, black, grey and white – a palette similar to that used by post-impressionist painter Paul Cézanne (1839–1906).
Vieira da Silva’s depictions of allegorical space and representations of internal architectural structure have influenced Speed’s practice. The Corridor depicts a claustrophobic grey interior or corridor with a low ceiling, close walls and a sharp vanishing point, to which the eye is led by multiple and conflicting perspectival lines.Read more